What is Conflict and why does it persist? What Can be done to end Conflicts?

What is conflict and why does it persist? What Can be done to end Conflicts?

What is Conflict?

Conflict is an unfortunate reality of human existence. Conflict refers to a situation where two or more parties have opposing interests, goals, or values, and their interactions result in tension, disagreement, or even open hostility. Conflict can arise between individuals, groups, organizations, or nations, and it can manifest in various forms such as verbal disputes, physical violence, legal battles, or economic competition. Some conflicts can be resolved quickly, while others can drag on for years or even decades.

Let’s take a look at some examples of conflicts that have persisted over time and try to understand why they have not yet been resolved.

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict : The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is one of the longest-running and most complicated conflicts in the world. It dates back to the early 20th century and has resulted in numerous wars, uprisings, and diplomatic efforts. The primary issue at the heart of the conflict is the ownership of the land that both Israelis and Palestinians claim as their own. Both sides have historical, religious, and cultural ties to the land, and they have not been able to find a way to share it peacefully. In addition, there are many other issues, such as the status of Jerusalem, the right of return for Palestinian refugees, and the security of Israeli citizens, that have made it difficult to reach a lasting peace agreement.

The Syrian Civil War : The Syrian civil war began in 2011 as a peaceful protest against the government but quickly escalated into a violent conflict that has caused immense suffering and destruction. The war has drawn in numerous parties, including the Syrian government, rebel groups, foreign powers, and terrorist organizations. The primary issue at the heart of the conflict is the demand for greater political and economic freedoms by the Syrian people. However, the conflict has become increasingly complicated over time, with various factions vying for power and control.

The Russo-Ukrainian War : The Russo-Ukrainian War is an international conflict between Russia and Russian-backed separatists, against Ukraine, which began in February 2014. Following Ukraine’s Revolution of Dignity, Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine and supported pro-Russian separatists fighting the Ukrainian military in the Donbas war. The first eight years of conflict also included naval incidents, cyberwarfare, and heightened political tensions. In February 2022, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine. The war is still going on.

Why do conflicts persist?

There are several reasons why conflicts can persist over time. Here are a few:

  1. Lack of Communication: Communication is the foundation of any relationship, and when communication breaks down, conflicts are bound to arise. In many cases, conflicts persist because of misunderstandings and miscommunication. People often assume that others understand their intentions, thoughts, and feelings, but that’s not always the case. Therefore, it’s crucial to have open and honest communication to resolve conflicts.
  2. Power Struggle: Power struggles are another reason why conflicts persist. When people feel threatened or perceive a threat to their power or influence, they may become defensive or aggressive, leading to conflicts. In some cases, conflicts are caused by a desire for power or control over resources, including land, money, or people. In these situations, it’s essential to find a way to compromise and negotiate.
  3. Differences in Values and Beliefs: Conflicts can also arise when people have different values and beliefs. People tend to form their beliefs based on their upbringing, culture, and experiences. When these beliefs conflict with others’ beliefs, conflicts are bound to arise. The challenge in these situations is to find common ground and respect each other’s differences.
  4. Historical Tensions: Historical tensions between groups can also lead to conflicts. For example, racial, ethnic, or religious tensions may stem from past conflicts, oppression, or discrimination. These tensions can be challenging to overcome, but it’s essential to acknowledge the past and find ways to move forward together.
  5. Lack of Empathy: Conflicts persist when people fail to empathize with each other. Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another person. When people lack empathy, they may fail to see things from the other person’s perspective, leading to conflicts. Therefore, it’s essential to listen actively and try to understand where the other person is coming from.

What can be done to end conflicts?

Ending conflicts requires a concerted effort from all parties involved. Here are a few steps that can help:

  1. Communication: The first and most crucial step to ending conflicts is communication. People involved in a conflict need to communicate with each other to understand the issues and find common ground. Communication should be respectful and non-confrontational, and it should focus on finding solutions rather than assigning blame.
  2. Mediation: Mediation is a process in which a neutral third party helps people in a conflict to reach a mutually acceptable solution. Mediation can be especially useful when the people involved in a conflict are unable to communicate effectively or are too emotional to find a solution.
  3. Understanding: It is essential to understand the root causes of a conflict to resolve it. People should try to understand each other’s perspectives and beliefs to find common ground. This can involve learning about each other’s cultures, histories, and values.
  4. Compromise: In most cases, ending a conflict requires a compromise. People need to be willing to give up something to achieve peace. Compromise does not mean giving up on one’s beliefs or values, but it means finding a way to meet everyone’s needs.
  5. Forgiveness: Forgiveness is an essential element in ending conflicts. People should be willing to forgive each other for past mistakes and move forward. Forgiveness requires letting go of anger and resentment and accepting that everyone makes mistakes.
  6. International intervention: In some cases, conflicts may require international intervention. International organizations such as the United Nations can provide a platform for dialogue and negotiation between conflicting parties. International intervention can also involve peacekeeping forces to maintain stability and security in conflict areas.
  7. Legal action: In some situations, legal action may be necessary to end a conflict. This may involve enforcing laws or regulations that are violated during the conflict or resolving disputes through legal proceedings. Legal action should be taken as a last resort when all other options have been exhausted.
  8. Building relationships: Finally, ending a conflict requires building relationships between people involved in the conflict. People should try to understand and respect each other’s beliefs and values, and work towards a common goal. Building relationships can help prevent future conflicts from arising and create a more peaceful and harmonious society.


In conclusion, conflicts can persist for a variety of reasons and can be incredibly challenging to resolve. Factors such as lack of trust, incompatible goals, power dynamics, and emotional factors can all contribute to the longevity of a conflict. However, ending conflicts is not impossible. Communication, compromise, mediation, and long-term solutions are all tools that can help bring about a peaceful resolution. Ultimately, the key to resolving conflicts is a willingness to listen to each other, find common ground, and work together towards a shared goal of peace and prosperity for all.

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